2 bài văn mẫu Bình giảng bài thơ Từ ấy của Tố Hữu hay nhất – Ngữ văn lớp 11

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Subject: Commenting on the poem “That word” by poet To Huu.

Lecture: That word – Ms. Thuy Nhan (Trường THCS Đồng Phú teacher)


To Huu, whose real name is Nguyen Kim Thanh, was born in 1920 in Thua Thien – Hue. He is a great poet of Vietnamese revolutionary poetry. To Huu’s poetic life is closely associated with his revolution, Each poet’s work is a historical journey, a feat of our people under the leadership of the Party and President Ho Chi Minh: 1937 – 1946), Viet Bac (1954), Windy (1961), Going to War (1972), Blood and Flowers (1977)…

Poem From There. To Huu composed in July 1938; The title of the poem became the title of To Huu’s first collection of poems. The poem speaks of the joy and happiness of a patriotic young man who encountered the Party’s revolutionary ideals and felt attached to the hardworking people.

From that time, when the poet was enlightened to Marxism-Leninism, a profound memory of the patriotic young man who encountered the revolutionary ideals that he later clarified in a poem “I grew up a child”. go to find the Revolution – Brother Luu, Brother Dieu teach me to go – Mother is no more, I still have the Party. To guide me when I know nothing” (Mother’s hometown).


The “Sun of Truth” is a metaphorical image praising revolutionary ideals, praising Communism for illuminating the soul, “shining through the heart” bringing the light of life as “lighting up” in the summer sun. – a very new, very poetic way of talking about ideals.

From then on in my summer sun

The sun of truth shines through the heart

Revolutionary ideals have completely changed a person, a life. Compare to confirm a miraculous transformation event brought about by the revolutionary ideal.

My soul is a garden of flowers

Very fragrant and full of birdsong

“Soul” has become a “flower garden”, a beautiful spring garden with sweet scents, bustling with birdsong. This is the best stanza, imbued with the most romantic colors in To Huu’s poetry. In addition to creating a metaphorical image (the sun of truth), the author chooses to use very precise, iconic and sexy words” bright”, “bright”, “bold”, “busy” to describe instead or passion for the ideal “The Party has given me a bright eye” (Agagon – France)

The 2nd and 3rd stanzas express the class love of the revolutionary soldier. In the light of Communist ideals, the poet finds his soul attached to the poor people:

I tie myself to everyone

Let love cover with hundreds of places

Leave my soul with so many miserable souls

Closer to each other strengthens the block of life.


Verbs – predicate such as “to force”, “cover”, “close” express the passionate attachment of the revolutionary soldier to the toiling masses. The words “everybody – hundreds of places” “many souls suffer” indicate the large number of people who work hard towards which the poet aims to build “life”, the union of workers and peasants is getting stronger and closer. . The three words “I” appear in the stanza expressing a sincere sentiment, the voice of the heart of the revolutionary.

The last stanza with the same expression, the words “con”, “em”, “I” appear consecutively, the poetic voice becomes more and more enthusiastic: “I’m you…is you..is me” . The numbers “thousands” (thousands of houses), “thousands” (thousands of lives) and “thousands” (thousands of children’s heads..)- show that the revolutionary soldier lived in the hearts of the people, loved by the people. , protect and protect to arouse the strength of the people to stand up and fight for freedom and happiness. To Huu had a lively and refreshing way of saying revolutionary sentiments and class love.

I am the child of thousands of families

I’m the sister of thousands of embryos

He is the brother of thousands of children

No rice, no tickling butter…

That word brings a youthful, vibrant, passionate, passionate, and full of love poetic soul. Passion for ideals and love for class created great sentiments in the poem From That. The beautiful and fresh image, the quality of political love words made the poem’s flavor. Sixty years have passed, but the verse “The sun of truth shines through the heart” is still fresh. To Huu is a poet who can write the best and most beautiful poems praising revolutionary ideals and praising the Party.

To Huu is a great poet, close to many generations of Vietnamese people. To Huu’s poetry has a lasting vitality in the hearts of readers because of its high idealism, sincere love for people, and undying faith in the future. The poem “From that” recorded the poet’s passionate moment when he caught the light of the Party illuminating the way. It is not only a feeling of joy and excitement but also a noble quality of a communist who wants to integrate and dedicate himself to life.

Everyone has important, sacred moments in life. For the mother, that is the baby who loves to be born and can talk and walk. For lovers, it’s when they meet for the first time as if they’ve known each other for the first time. Poet Xuan Dieu had that moment:

From the time we fell in love, flowers bloom forever

In the fragrant garden of my soul.

As for To Huu, the greatest happiness is when he realizes his right path and encounters the ideal light of the Party. That is the new thing that marks a big turning point in the life of an enthusiastic and eager patriotic young man. To Huu joined the Party at a very young age — seventeen years old, but his predestined relationship with the revolution soon brought about miraculous changes in his feelings and soul, and awareness:

From then on in my summer sun

The sun of truth shines through the heart

My soul is a garden of flowers

Very fragrant and full of birdsong.


That word is placed at the beginning of the poem like a wall dividing the clear boundary between two time periods. The time the poet’s life divides itself into two halves before and after the word gives us the difference in a person. Before That word was a deadlocked life with no way out, lonely, desperate and bored.

Where are the old days I miss me

Desperately looking for a reason to love life

Still chasing the current around

Want to escape alas, steps do not leave.

(Remember copper)

That was not the poet’s own mood, but that of the whole young generation at that time, just leaving school, immediately collided with the ironic scenes of life. They are pessimistic, do not define for themselves a direction, or a definitive ideal. Standing between two streams of water, choosing a stream or letting the water flow.

Since then closed the chain of torment, suffering, darkness, opening a new life full of promise. It emanates from the strong inner vitality, from the miraculous awakening. To Huu recorded that moment of change with iconic images of the summer sun, the bright, brilliant sunlight that shines everywhere, especially illuminating even the deepest corners of the soul, mind and spirit. intelligence, awareness. The Sun of Truth is a metaphorical image of the Party’s ideal, it has the power to both touch, move and awaken not only the poet’s perception and reason but also the feelings and heart of the poet. It seems that there is a rapid change like a person living in a dark night, the soul is dry, suddenly the headlights turn on like tomorrow, everything appears, clear to every detail and emotions arise. . True joy overflows when the poet has a joyful and bustling new life:

My soul is a garden of flowers

Very fragrant and full of birdsong

The image comparing poetic soul – flower garden fully describes life, abundant vitality and fertility. The agitation and excitement in the poet’s inner soul are exposed vividly. It is a life full of colors, sounds and smells, with the peaceful green of leaves and flowers, with the scent of flowers and the sound of birds chirping. All the echoes of life are distilled by the poet to nourish the vitality of the soul. It is pushed to the highest threshold. By using adjectives indicating degrees of intensity such as hot, bright, very, bold, and bustling, To Huu shows us the passion and ecstasy of a communist soldier when he follows the ideal light of his life. Recording an important step in life, but the poet did not move, still the poetic voice is gentle and decisive, but imbued with joyful and earnest emotions like a lifeline that spreads everywhere and even in the deepest places.

That word is the mark of a life change, higher than the revival of a person. From here, that vitality will be multiplied strongly, the soul will be like a flower: pure, innocent:

Then one day I saw me

Gentle as a lark

Drunk compatriots are happy to sing

On nine floors high in the sky.

After moments of happiness, realizing the noble ideal to go, the communist soldier must determine a worthy attitude and action. It is first of all a sense of responsibility before life. The poet instead of the soldier’s ego expressed that wish and aspiration:

I tie myself to everyone

Let love cover with hundreds of places

Leave my soul with suffering soul

Closer to each other strengthens the block of life.

The individual person who comes here gradually disappears to give way to a larger ego – the one that is oriented towards life and everyone. The selfishness, narrowness that separates the ego from everyone is no longer there, the path of integration is wide open. Doing that is not easy, it is necessary to struggle, consider and choose with a sense of responsibility that comes from sincerity and voluntariness. I – the poet attaches himself to everyone. It is a decisive, strong attitude determined by clear reason. The bond with people has removed the antagonism contained, filled with anger that previously reigned in the sinful soul, and established love and connection between people. It is sympathy, sharing before the pain, joy and sorrow of many human lives. The spirit of voluntariness forced to create a mass of life, closeness and strength is the ultimate goal of improving the quality of the revolutionary. Kindness makes each person who joins life become human in its own right.

The last stanza continues to emphasize the sense of responsibility of concrete people before the vast life:

I was a child of thousands of families

I’m the sister of thousands of embryos

He is the brother of thousands of children

No shirt, no rice and no butter

Three words appear consecutively in the verse as a firm, solid, definitive affirmation for absolute integration. The soldier was in the middle of life and everyone was very humble without losing his natural beauty, he was the son of the family, the younger brother of the unfinished life, the brother of the poor and hungry children. shirt. The great mass of life here created by each fate with its own circumstances is the child Phuoc in the article Going away, he soon suffered from slavery, the nanny let her children starve to take care of people and many other people. again. The poet caught his life in those miserable lives. The number of words used gradually increased from one, every, hundred, block, ten thousand as to expand the block of life and at the same time connect the love and affection between them. There is no longer sympathy, but higher than that the poet sees himself as a member of a large family that must pass on to them love and responsibility for his fate. Must fight to bring a better life for the family, for everyone and to guide and protect the children.

Here the revolutionary’s qualities are enlightened. Soul perception and relationship are illuminated by the light of the Party’s ideal, without experience, communists – poets cannot have such great changes.

That word was the first joyful prelude of a communist when he met the Party’s ideals. That’s when the soul is revived, the intellect shines, and the great responsibility for life is realized. To Huu poetry is good when it deeply combines communist ideals, love for people and joy towards the future. That word has crystallized that beauty and created a great attraction for genuine people who have been following their ideals. The poet aroused the enthusiasm and determination of so many generations for them today and in the future to fulfill their wish to build a better life.

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