2 bài văn mẫu Phân tích bài thơ Chiều xuân của Anh Thơ hay nhất – Ngữ văn lớp 11

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Topic: Analysis of Anh Tho’s Spring Afternoon


Referring to poet Anh Tho, readers will recall the image of a typical female poet of the modern Vietnamese poetry movement. The peaceful childhood was associated with the stork fields in her homeland early in the afternoon, rain or shine, this is the foundation for the stream of poetic emotions in her with a simple but profound poetic style through each word. , through many images of the rural landscape, her homeland is gently evoked. It is even more impressive when she comes to poetry as a way to escape from a cramped, boring life and assert herself. women in contemporary society. The first poetry collection “country picture” was born filled with rustic and simple things, especially through the poem “spring afternoon”, a picture of the scene of clouds and the sun disappearing. in beautiful spring colors.

The typical spring rains in the North are the tiny dusty raindrops that gently fall to cool the young shoots and greens, the rain appears in the first line of poetry very quietly on the empty wharf, the scene is a bit sad. and a little silence, which will add to the coldness of the soul with emptiness:

“The gentle dusty rain on the deserted wharf,

Lazy boat lying in the river’s water”

Each drop of rain falls indifferently and “quietly” in front of the poet’s eyes. The word leaves evokes the image of light raindrops dotting the scene, not noisy or heavy, but a little bit like slow down in each moment of time. The river wharf is sparsely populated. The butt, the space is wider and the emptiness spreads to the soul. The small boat after a day of work carrying passengers up and down the country’s river is now lying there and settling into a moment of rest, the side of the boat swaying along. small waves, accidentally floating along the river water. Like that, we can feel the rhythm of the rain falling, the rhythm of the waves patting the boat, creating a simple but profound picture with many emotions. The poet’s gaze turned and also caught the enveloping silence:

“The picture shop stands still in the silence

Beside the constellation of purple flowers,


The picture shop is personified by the poet through the verb “to stand”. Not only “standing” but “standing still” and “in silence”, the compound word after the verb seems to multiply the emptiness, not only the riverbank has a strong effect in the stanza. the center of the desert and desolate as the day draws to a close. Purple flowers fall “weakly” at the end of a long day. It seems that not only people are tired, but everything is also disintegrating, shedding the last remnants. Time every passing minute brings with it the hustle and bustle of the day and is replaced by a rather dull shirt because lonely and quiet everywhere. The second stanza shows up with the images that are reduced to the poet’s eyes:

“Outside the dyke, the grass is overflowing with grass,

The black flute swooped down and pecked aimlessly.”

The dike road is wide and the banks are long and caress the green grass, the color of the verse is the “blue” color of the grass. The poet’s pen creates beautiful color strokes, the sad scene of suffering now seems to be reconciled with the color of life, even if it’s just a blade of grass. At this point, the space is less faded to give way to the bright blue color, the silence also fades away with the sound of the black starling birds swooping down. They are as carefree as children playing in the field through the description. delicate “dissection aimlessly”. They are not “striking aimlessly” but actually they are pecking small prey, but in the eyes of the poet, that image is quite cute and brings a sense of peace and happiness because of a free and generous life. Not stopping there, the next image gives readers a slightly surprised look at the simple things that not many people feel:

“Butterflies flutter before the wind,

The buffaloes leisurely bow down to eat the rain”

The passing wind cools the scene and tilts the butterfly’s wings many times, the ability to use the word “flirting” is quite rich, the poet describes how the little butterfly wants to fly but cannot overcome the pressure of the butterfly. the wind so the other wings kept swinging back and forth with the wind blowing. The verb “drift” further emphasizes the image of a small butterfly being carried away by the wind indifferently. Each wave of wind comes and goes and continues to blow for the butterfly’s wings to “flirting” forever. Lower than the butterfly’s wings are the buffaloes who are slowly chewing young grass “slowly”, slowly as if enjoying happiness. The rain is still falling and the raindrops on the grass give us the feeling that cattle are enjoying the “rain”. The rhythm of the poem is not fast, but follows the rhythm of the activities of all things. This is the time when everything becomes quiet and slowly drifts away, the fatigue gradually disappears. In the last stanza of the poem, the space expands all around and completes the picture “spring afternoon” poetic. of the English poet:

“In the green and wet rice fields,

Little storks fly out from time to time,

Startle a lovely girl

Bend the hoe to rake the fields that are about to flower.”


Homeland is beautiful by the green fields of rice tops rustling with the wind blowing, still soaked with the dusty raindrops. The white-feathered storks are images associated with the fields, with the countryside sky, with the cool breeze in the afternoon, naughty flying out in a hurry to disturb the whole corner of the sky, they spread their wings freely and roam. accidentally startling a country girl who is diligently working by the sound of flying wings. The girl in the verse is still working hard to finish the last work of the day that is about to end and is also what appears in front of the last poet’s eyes. The peaceful scene full of vitality, the activities of all things have built a joyful rhythm of life here even though time has passed almost the end of the day.

The art of using words, skillfully using her pen to draw simple but warm images filled with the beauty of life, besides following the lines of poetry, the reader’s emotions are offered and thanks to the readers. That’s when we feel the poet’s emotions most deeply, this is the success affirming the value of the poem.

Sometimes the rhythm of the poem is slow, gentle and deep, sometimes it brings a feeling of excitement and joy, the whole poem is like a song with rich melodies that vibrate the hearts and thoughts of the readers of the poem. The love of poetry and the simple familiarity of the homeland and talent are important factors contributing to the success of the poem “Spring Afternoon”.

Singer Anh Tho (1921 – 2005) whose real name is Vuong Kieu An, comes from a family with a Confucian tradition. The female singer’s hometown was in Bac Giang town, but she was born and raised in Ninh Giang, Hai Duong. Although she has not finished primary school, she has a talent for literature, so she loves reading and writing poetry. The pseudonym AnhTho appeared in the New Poetry movement with poems written on rural topics filled with close and familiar images, reminiscent of sweet memories of villages and homeland in the minds of each child. People. Each of her poems is a fresh, harmonious picture of nature, evoking the atmosphere and peaceful rhythm of life in the Northern countryside. Female singer Anh Tho was awarded the Ho Chi Minh Prize for literature and art by the State in 2007.

Published works: Painting of the countryside (poetry, 1941); Ancient (poetry, joint print, 1942); Black Teeth (1944); Spring incense (poetry, joint print, 1944); Storytelling Vu Lang (story of poetry, 1957); Following the dove (poetry, 1960); Pearl Island (poetry, 1964); Flowers under the moon (poetry, 1967); Green Spring (poetry, 1974); Hometown (poem, 1979); Le dew (poem 1995).

Spring Afternoon printed in the collection of Country Paintings (published in 1941) is a typical poem for Anh Tho’s artistic style. The fresh and poetic spring nature picture and the quiet and peaceful village scene make people more attached to their homeland.

Afternoon is often a time that easily arouses emotions and poetic inspiration. The poet observed and selected typical images and details of the scene to sketch three pictures of a peaceful and peaceful spring afternoon.

The first picture depicts the scene of a rainy afternoon with the image of an empty river wharf, a boat lying almost motionless, a tattered picture shop next to the fallen ovals full of purple flowers:

The rain pours soft dust on the deserted wharf,

Lazy boat lying in river water…

The picture shop stands still in the silence

On the side of the constellation, purple flowers are falling.


The female officer observed and enjoyed with the look of her mind, so she felt the soul of the familiar scene. In the cold rainy afternoon, the scenery of the riverside along the village becomes more desolate and deserted. A painting that seems to lack color and light. In the almost absolute silence of space, there is still the activity of the scenery, even if it is so light as to be like nothing: The rain pours dust softly on the deserted wharf. The boat that is usually busy carrying passengers across the river, now seems tired and lazily lying in the river. As for the picture shop, it is like withdrawing, standing still in the silence because there are no customers coming in and out with laughter and bustling voices. The purple-flowered cycads fall down before the spring breeze, and the chill of the winter is still lingering. All of them seem to contain a deep sadness that is difficult to put into words.

Second picture:

Outside the dyke, the grass is overflowing with grass,

The black flute swooped down and pecked aimlessly;

Butterflies flutter before the wind,

The cows and cows leisurely bent down to eat the rain.

The image of the dike road in the spring afternoon, felt by the female singer, is so dear and peaceful. Compared to the deserted wharf scene above, the scene of the dike road is more fun and full of life. The green color of the young grass stretches to attract the eye, making the poet have an unexpected and interesting association: The buffaloes and cows are leisurely grazing but as if they are leisurely bowing down to eat the rain. It is an artistic illusion arising from reality, through the romantic lens of the poet. On the cool blue background, her eyes and soul were dotted with a few dots of the Black Flute and the fluttering butterflies. The poem has many fresh and poetic features, proving that the author has a talent for observation and subtle vibration, so he realizes that the scene is both real and virtual, both familiar and strange.

But the countryside, no matter how beautiful and peaceful it is, will be empty without the image of people. People appear to make the picture of nature become a picture of daily life:

In the green and wet rice fields,

The baby storks flew out from time to time.

Startle a cuddly girl,

Bowing hoe to rake the fields that are about to flower.

Real scene that looks like in a dream. In the middle of the green rice fields stands out the image of a girl full of vitality of spring. That lovely image shows the deep romantic lyricism in the soul of the famous female poet of the New Poetry movement. The sudden sound of the baby storks flying out from time to time, making the girl startled and bewildered, is an artistic highlight. The image of a village girl with a bent posture, diligently working in such a peaceful spring afternoon has touched people’s hearts, the beauty of the village girl next to the beauty of nature makes the scene peaceful. Often, familiarity suddenly becomes strangely beautiful. The method of moving left and right has highlighted the peace and quiet of the spring afternoon in the countryside.

The three paintings depict three different scenes but at the same time. The female artist Anh Tho was inspired by the familiar and idyllic scenes around and proved to be strong in her meticulous and detailed description, capturing the soul of the natural scene. On the other hand, Anh Tho also contributed to New Poetry by using unique and new words that have never been seen in poetry. Those are the phrases of dusty rain, lazy boat; fall apart, peck aimlessly; The buffaloes and cows slowly bow down to eat the rain… These unique and novel features are expressed through the grace and softness of the verses, highlighting the author’s romantic style. The overall picture of a quiet and peaceful spring afternoon harmonizes with the female artist’s soul and evokes deep feelings of village and homeland in each person’s heart.

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