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In order to help students easily systematize the knowledge and content of the works in the program of Literature 8, we compile the article Mind map of the poem The easy-to-remember, short journey with full of information. Content such as general understanding of the work, author, layout, analytical outline, sample essay analysis, …. Hopefully through the Mind Map of the poem Going on the road will help students understand the content. the basis of the poem Going on the road.

Lecture: On the road – Ms. Pham Lan Anh (Trường THCS Đồng Phú teacher)

Mind map of the poem Going on the road is easy to remember and short

I. Author

– Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969), birth name was Nguyen Sinh Cung

– Hometown: Kim Lien village (Sen village), Kim Lien commune, Nam Dan district, Nghe An province.

– Life and creative career:

+ Be the beloved leader of Vietnam

After 30 years of traveling abroad, Uncle Ho returned to directly lead the revolutionary movement in the country

+ Not only had a revolutionary career, but he also left a number of valuable literary legacies, worthy of being a great writer and poet of the nation.

– Composing style: Uncle Ho’s poems often write about the country’s nature with fervent love, pride, gentle and romantic lyrics.

II. Work

1. Composing Circumstances

– In August 1942, Nguyen Ai Quoc crossed the border to China to contact the revolution and anti-Japanese forces in China. Uncle went to the town of Tu Vinh and was arrested by the Chiang Kai-shek government.

– During the fourteen months that he was illegally imprisoned by Chiang Kai-shek’s government, Uncle Ho was regularly taken from prison to prison throughout the thirteen districts of Guangxi province. Hands are shackled, legs are chained, walking in the cold wind and frost, or in the hot noonday sun. Crossing slopes, crossing passes, wading streams … with difficulties and challenges that sometimes seem too much for human endurance.

– From that fact, the author generalized to “Going on the road”.

2. Origin

Poem number 20 in the poem Diary in Prison.

3. Poetic form:

– Transliteration: The Seven Great Words of Tang Lu

– Translation of poetry: six bowls

4. Layout: 2 parts

Part 1: Verses 1,2: The journey on the arduous mountain road

Part 2: Verses 3.4: The joy of standing on the pinnacle of victory

5. Content Value

– The poem realistically depicts the hardships faced by prisoners, and at the same time shows the spiritual portrait of the revolutionary soldier Ho Chi Minh, expressing the noble philosophical meaning: from going to the mountains, understand the way of life: Overcoming hardships and trials will lead to glorious victory.

6. Artistic value

– Using the poetic form of seven great words, Tang Lu

– Tight texture

– Poetry tone changes flexibly

– Vivid, meaningful images.

III. Outline the article analyzing the work

1. The arduous mountain road journey

– Direct way of saying: going on the road – hard work: you have to practice and experience yourself to understand the nature of things.

– The word “high mountain” shows the twists and turns of successive mountains.

⇒ Contemplating the hardships, twists and turns of life; Willingness and willpower to overcome all.

2. The joy of standing on the pinnacle of victory

– “to the very end”: conquering the heights of the mountains

→ The joy of overcoming difficulties to reach the top of the mountain.

⇒ All hardships will end, all difficulties will come later.

– “take in the eyes of all the young water”: pedestrians standing on the top of the mountain can freely stand and look at all the scenery below, look back on what they have experienced.

→ A relaxed attitude to master nature, to immerse yourself in the vast and vast universe.

⇒ The energy, optimistic attitude, love of life of a communist soldier on the cusp of victory, even though it is a arduous road, his limbs are bound by chains.

⇒ From the journey, the poem affirms a truth of life that is: overcoming hardships will reach the peak of victory.

IV. Analysis

M.Gooki once said “Strange man!”. People come to life and affirm their existence with their own will, energy and a vast heart. The road of life with many challenges is the fire that tests gold to make it brighter. In the collection of poems The Prison Diary, we always come across such a person. The poem Going on the Road is like other poems like: Going to Nanning, Afternoon, Going early, … not only expressing the hardships of prisoners on the way to prison, but above all expressing an attitude. philosophy in the face of challenging life journeys and the demeanor of a man of great stature.

The poem Going on the Road was drawn from Ho Chi Minh’s Prison Diary. The work was written in the context that Uncle Ho was detained for no reason by the Chiang Kai-shek government in 1942 and had to be exiled from one prison to another, with extreme hardship and hardship. The poem not only stops at the picture depicting the mountain scene on the way to work, but also contains a profound philosophical thought on the way of life that Uncle Ho has summarized and contemplated from this special situation: Overcoming hardships piled up will go to glorious victory.

The first verse Uncle devoted to talking about traveling. But it is not the lament of a person who has gone through so many transitions, but it is like an affirmation, pondered by the poignant experience of the passerby himself:

If you go on the road, you will know the hardships

High mountains and high mountains again

Poetry as a philosophy of experienced people. If you go on the road, you have to go through the hardships on the way to understand the hardship, to know what hardship is. This lesson is nothing new, but it must be through challenges and personal experiences to have such profound awareness. The poem is simple but contains an obvious truth. The word “Chong San” seems to open up in front of the reader’s eyes a bumpy road of mountain ranges, emphasizing the endless stretch, not ending from one mountain layer to another. . That path seems to be the opposite of human strength, draining human strength. It is necessary to cross such a road to understand the seemingly simple ideal: “You will know hardships by traveling” that Uncle Ho said in the first verse.

The two verses simply talk about the hardships of traveling, and do not directly describe the image of people on the road. But we still see images of pedestrians appearing. The people here do not appear in a relaxed state of sitting and watching the distance with rolling mountains, not a tourist traveling to see the mountains, rivers, clouds, but a prisoner on the way to prison. Shoulders wear shackles, feet carry chains, hunger and thirst must overcome many high passes, deep slopes, abysses, through dangerous mountain roads. The word “huu” standing between two verses translates not only to describe the continuity of the mountains but also the hardships of the prisoners. And yet this road, another mountain road has appeared in front of us, and before this difficulty is over, another difficulty will stand in the way. However, the verse is not a sigh, a lament of passersby, but only the truth of a revolutionary soldier drawn on the road to labor, during his revolutionary activities. .

The next two verses take the reader by surprise. If the first two verses are the truth, then the following two lines suddenly rise gently:

The mountain is high to the end

Into the sight of all the young water insects.

The third verse not only stops at describing the high mountains and then the same high mountains, but the road has been pushed up to the extreme difficulty and danger “to the end”. The verse seems to be a cheer of the prisoner when he has overcome thousands of high and steep mountains to reach the highest and most extreme peak. We seem to come across a familiar topic here and an attitude with a human sense of the universe: High, far-fetched. When you reach the top of a high mountain, it is also the time when people can zoom in and take over a vast space, like mastering the universe, heaven and earth. The person was then in the position of a winner. Humans naturally seem to be created with a proud and arrogant appearance in the midst of a vast universe like a tourist leisurely strolling among the mountains and the sky. In that posture, a person is like a “religious fairy”. The difficulties of the road cannot imprison or confine people in the mountains. People seem to be trying to rise to master their own path.

Into the sight of all the young water insects. The last verse is the culmination of emotions. There is the unspeakable joy of a person who has overcome many difficulties and hardships to be able to enjoy the beautiful scenery of water and clouds. It seemed that all difficulties were far away, leaving only one man who mastered nature, heaven and earth with a relaxed and optimistic attitude. Here, heaven and earth and people become one. The poem soars in a romantic inspiration.

Going on the road is a short poem but contains a great lesson, talking about the real way during the years of imprisonment, moving from one prison to another. But most of all, it is not simply a real road with rugged mountains. It is also a road with many thorns and challenges. Those difficulties cannot make people back down. The poem is like an iron belief. No matter how arduous and difficult the road of life is, as long as people are persistent, patient and determined to overcome, they will eventually reach the destination. At that time, people will reach the pinnacle of glory, wisdom and master the true values ​​of life.

During his active life, Uncle Ho visited many places and met many people. Each place, each person helps Uncle Ho gain more knowledge and experience. When you have overcome all the low mountains to reach the highest peak: overcome the greatest difficulty then… achieve success. Magnificent image: man with small body standing on top of great mountain: a heroic picture; That success is glorious. Overcoming the biggest difficulties will clearly see what is the path of life, what is difficult, what is happiness and peace:

To do that, it takes a mind and a mind…

In the past, Nguyen Ba Hoc also used to borrow the image of walking on the road to emphasize the role of human willpower that: The road is difficult, not because the river is separated from the mountain, but difficult because people are afraid of the mountains and rivers…. Then, old man Phan Boi Chau also reminded: If life’s road is flat / Heroic genius has more than anyone, now there is Ho Chi Minh. Bringing educational content of political thought but not dry because they know how to borrow pictures of events to express their thoughts. Truly the poetry of a cultural celebrity of the whole world.

The poem Going on the road does not simply stop at talking about the difficult road, but the image of the rolling high mountains also symbolizes the hardships in life’s journey and revolutionary journey. The revolutionary soldier has to go through many hardships and challenges, but when he has tasted those bitter fruits, he will reap success and bring a brilliant victory. And so is the way of life. When people have overcome challenges, they will bring worthy results, creating beautiful, immortal and sacred values. The poem “Going on the road” is short but the poetic idea is immense, suggesting to the reader many lessons of profound philosophical meaning.

V. Some comments on the work

Poet Hoang Trung Thong feels about the song “Going the road” by Uncle Ho and “Upstairs to Quan Tuoc” by Vuong Chi Hoan – China is very relevant. Below is a quote from poet Hoang Trung Thong.

The poem is, of course, not a very good translation compared to the original. But even in this translation, we also see the difficult step of the passerby: from one high mountain to another high mountain and then another high mountain. But when you reach the highest peak, you will get all kinds of mountains and rivers in your sight.

Compare that poem with the poem “Upstairs to Quan Tuoc” by Vuong Chi Hoan (China):

The sun goes out behind the mountain

The Yellow River enters the deep sea

Want to see thousands of miles away

Up another floor.

But when poets of the ages have praised it as being great, we can see that the ideas are different from one world to another. One side is to climb until all the mountains, then you will see all the mountains and rivers. On one side, if you want to see a thousand miles, then step up another floor. You have to go through the mountains to achieve the goal, you only need to step up one floor. One is striving, the other is enjoying.

The poem “Going on the road” is by wonderful poetic art that has expressed Uncle Ho’s thought: “The revolution must be long and arduous, but victory is certain. The goal is to bring the river back into view, but to go through one arduous path after another.

(Hoang Trung Thong)

Uncle Ho is Uncle Ho’s poetry and poetry – Art Newspaper No. 35 – 1976)

See more mind maps of good, detailed 8th grade works and texts:

Table of Contents Sample Literature | Literature or grade 8 by section:

Other 8th grade series

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