In order to help students easily systematize the knowledge and content of the works in the Literature 9 program, we compile the article Ma Giam Sinh Mua Kieu Mind Map that is easy to remember, concise and complete. content such as general understanding of the work, author, layout, analytical outline, sample essay analysis, …. Hope through Mind Map Ma Giam Sinh to buy Kieu will help students understand the basic content of Ma Giam Sinh bought Kieu.
I. General study of works
1. Genre: Nom Poetry + Poetry: Six Bowls
– Located at the beginning of the second part of “The Tale of Kieu” (Gia Variable and Lost).
3. Layout: 3 parts:
– Part 1: (first 10 sentences): Portrait of the Student Code through his appearance and actions.
– Part 2: (6 next sentences): Kieu’s pain and humiliation.
– Part 3: (last 10 sentences): The merchant’s nature of Ma Giam Sinh.
4. Content Value
The excerpt “Ma Giam Sinh buys Kieu” is a realistic picture of society and at the same time shows Nguyen Du’s humanitarian heart in both aspects: Exposing the evil and vile nature of Ma Giam Sinh, and condemning the evil forces, brutality and sympathy, pity before the beauty, talent, dignity of the woman being trampled.
5. Artistic value
The excerpt “Ma Giam Sinh Mua Kieu” also shows Nguyen Du’s artistic talent: describing the villain with a realistic pen, portraying the character’s personality through appearance and gestures (different from the main character). represented by the conventional method of character idealization).
II. Outline to analyze the work
1. Student Code: an evil, false, uneducated person
a. Irregular background
– The name is generic, not clear: Giam Sinh is not a name, it is a word to refer to a student studying Confucianism in the past. In certain eras, this was a title that could be bought with money. From the name, we don’t know much about the character.
– The hometown is vague and obscure. Nguyen Du skillfully exposed the lies of Ma Giam Sinh, he introduced him as a “guest guest”.
⇒ There is a contradiction in Ma Giam Sinh’s words and the introduction of the matchmaker, “guest guest” but why is “closer”? The truth is that Ma Giam Sinh lied about his hometown: Lam Tri’s hometown, but said it was Lam Thanh.
⇒ In the Code, the most basic and initial information about a person such as name and hometown have signs of ignorance and lies. This is not a trustworthy person.
– Nguyen Du continued, deftly revealing Ma Giam Sinh’s uneducated nature through his answers:
+ Short poetic rhythm, broken down many times (2/1/3, 2/1/3/2) combined with the structural message “Ask… that…” gives the reader an idea of how to answer the questions of the poet. Ma Bishop, timid, curt.
+ Ma’s answer clearly shows disrespect: No sir, empty speech does not show uncultured communication with superiors.
c. A dashing, well-groomed appearance
Too old to be in his forties
Smooth beard, cool clothes
+ The two verses have contrast: the green sentence is completely from Sino-Vietnamese; The bowl sentence is completely Vietnamese. Sentences have a solemn nuance. The bowl has a simple nuance. Here, Nguyen Du intentionally highlights the contrast between Ma Giam Sinh’s age (around forty) and appearance that is not suitable for that age.
+ This is the method of raising and lowering of satire: Using the solemn to talk about age, to expose the ridiculous, inappropriate appearance, the more solemn the required age is highlighted, the more The ridiculousness of the appearance becomes more prominent.
+ The appearance of Ma Giam Sinh is a dashing, well-groomed appearance, trying to make him younger than his age: “Smooth eyebrows, neat clothes”. Eyebrows are an aesthetic standard of the ancients when evaluating a man. According to the ancient aesthetic standards, a man’s beard is a symbol of humanity, that is, a sign of a macho man. Nguyen Du describes Tu Hai, a hero as “Lobster beard, swallow jaw, your brother”. Ma Giam Sinh is the complete opposite of all those standards, a clean beard (in the opinion of the ancients) is the face of a petty, unscrupulous person.
d. Unauthorized action
– The scoundrel and ridiculous nature of Ma Giam Sinh is shown most specifically through his actions.
+ First, Nguyen Du described: “Before the teacher, then I was confused”. The word “disturbed” creates a sense of chaos, disorder, indiscipline, completely inconsistent with the solemnity and politeness required of a naming ceremony.
+ Next, Nguyen Du gave them the code “The chair on the seat is rude”, representing the pinnacle of impoliteness. The adverb “tót” describes Ma Giam Sinh’s sitting posture, gruff, unruly. Nguyen Du made a very appropriate comment about this action: “reckless”. This is the impoliteness and impoliteness of an uneducated person. In addition, it is also the disdain of a money-trusting person.
– With realistic writing style, Nguyen Du has skillfully exposed the scoundrel nature of Ma Giam Sinh step by step, from basic information to appearance, words and actions. The two words Bimanchus are just meaningless labels: It is not the attitude and action of an educated person, much less the attitude and action of a person who comes to do the naming ceremony.
2. Student Code: a trafficker
– From stripping the label of Giam Sinh, Nguyen Du also goes a step further in character building: bringing out the merchant nature of Ma Giam Sinh. Ma Giam Sinh is the corrupt person in the old society, living in the brothels, tricking the honest girls into the barn so that they can redeem themselves for the “meat traffickers”.
a) Merchant mentality
Exercising weight and balance
Squeeze the bow and hold the moon, try your hand at fanning poetry
A salty, one-of-a-kind look,
Please accept new guests at will
– In appearance, it is very normal for a girl to show her talent to people who come to see her eyes. But Nguyen Du cleverly pointed out to the reader that this is actually a trade, through the action word of the merchant: “weigh”, “press”, “try”. The trader’s psychology is also very sharp: “Hesitant” – “willing” – arbitrarily guided” ⇒ Choose carefully, calculate profit.
b) Merchant’s words
– Ma Giam Biology demanded to say very flowery, polished words:
That: “Buy jade to Lam Kieu”
How much do you want to teach for the wall?
But the subconscious of a merchant is still on the word. The words “buy” and “how much” denounced him. The rhetoric is really just a price ask.
c) Acts of merchants
– And finally the bargaining:
+ The word “stork” has shown Ma Giam Sinh’s poor and self-seeking love.
+ Short poetic rhythm: 2/2/2 (or 1/1/1/1/1/1) creates a feeling of prolonged time, fatigue, and boredom. The longer the bargaining lasted, the more Kieu’s dignity was trampled, and Kieu’s value was insulted.
Much has been said about Nguyen Du’s talent for describing characters. In Tales of Kieu, whether the protagonist or the villain is very lively. With just a few touches, his character appears in front of the reader’s eyes in a specific way, both externally and internally. The excerpt “Ma Giam Sinh buys Kieu” partly proves Nguyen Du’s talent for describing the character. The truth of the human butcher Ma Giam Sinh is gradually revealed through this short play.
The passage “Ma Giam Sinh buys Kieu” is 34 sentences long, taken from “Truyen Kieu” from verses 618-652. Being slandered by the silk merchant, the father and brother were tortured, imprisoned, and the family’s property was plundered by the clean, connoisseurs, and filled with greed. Before the family transformation, Kieu decided: “It’s easy for me to sell myself to redeem my father”. The poem records the scene of Ma Giam Sinh coming to buy Kieu and her suffering before the family tragedy and love tragedy “broke broken the vase”.
Ma Giam Sinh appears as a “guest guest.” “Traveler” is a visitor from afar. From the very beginning, this visitor from afar was a bit suspicious:
Ask for the name, saying: “Bishop Code”
Ask the hometown, that: “Lam Thanh district is also close.
The guest introduced himself as a scholar – studied at Quoc Tu Giam school, only saying that they did not name themselves, very aristocratic; then introduced his hometown: “Lam Thanh district is also close”. The two words “that” appear one after another, expressing a haughty attitude that considers the world with half an eye. The words of the “guest guest” are both snobbish and crude and rude.
The truth of Ma Giam Sinh gradually revealed through the way Nguyen Du described his appearance:
Too old to be in his forties
Smooth eyebrows, neat clothes.
“Forty-four years old” is over forty years old. At that time, he was not young anymore, but he was still “clean-shaven, well-dressed.” The author intentionally highlights the contradiction between age and the way he is trimmed, groomed, and eaten. The words “smooth”, “dandy” not only show Ma Giam Sinh’s grumpy look, but also discreetly reveal Nguyen Du’s sarcastic attitude. his evidence proves that he is not a student of the pompous and elegant Quoc Tu Giam school. He seemed to be trying to hide something, through the way he was trimmed and groomed and overdressed. But no matter how hard he tried to cover it up, his enveloping nature kept coming out:
Before the teacher, after me, I rushed
The bank brought the termite procession into the page.
“Before the teacher, after me” seems to be very dignified and solemn, but why is it “disturbed”? “Disturbed” is noisy, disorderly and disorderly. Neither my teacher nor I kept our minds when we entered the house of the king. As soon as he entered the place, Ma Giam Sinh “sat” in the “upper chair” in a “rude” manner. His sitting posture proves that he is an uneducated snob. A person who is really a student of Quoc Tu Giam College must be at least as elegant as Kim Trong, walking, speaking slowly and politely like Kim Trong:
Only far away will you show your face
Guests dismounted their horses to the place of self-love.
Ma Giam Sinh is the exact opposite: he speaks curtly, dresses impolitely, walks sloppily, is snobbish,… All of this has made us understand his personality. Nguyen Du did not stop there, he continued to expose the truth of Ma Giam Sinh. Before Kieu’s “sad as daisies, as thin as apricots” of Kieu, he was not moved with compassion. On the contrary, he also forced Kieu to write poetry and play the lute so that he “weighed in balance with talent”. Then he bargained, he considered Kieu to be nothing more than a commodity. At first, he also pretended to be a person with words. Then he revealed his true form as a connoisseur of “human trafficking”:
The stork reduces one by two,
Now, the price of gold is over four hundred.
The word “worth a thousand gold” y “stork” added, reduced to “four hundred.” That is less than half… So the tense negotiation between the matchmaker and the dealer Ma Giam Sinh took place. At this point, Ma Giam Sinh clearly shows the nature of a merchant, but at first he still tries to put on a fake intellectual look “That buys pearls to Lam Kieu” but only after that, The merchant’s nature is also clearly shown, with his inherent connoisseurship, he has “reduced one by two” and in the end, that filter has brought him a bargain when paying. price from “thousand gold” to “more than four hundred”:
Set the date of loading Thai Vu Quy,
Money back has nothing to do!
The personality of Ma Giam Sinh’s deceitful, deceitful, cunning, and grotesque merchant is portrayed quite specifically and vividly by Nguyen Du. That personality is mainly expressed through the description of the character’s appearance, language and actions. With evocative, highly expressive words, Nguyen Du has both exposed the evil nature of the human butcher surnamed Ma and revealed his sarcastic and disdainful attitude towards swindlers. , snobby, rude. Only through this short play, we also understand somewhat the talent of describing the character of the great poet Nguyen Du.
Still using the familiar conventional penmanship of Nguyen Du when describing the main characters he loves: tears of flowers, chrysanthemums, apricots, etc., Kieu’s beauty in ordinary times made flowers jealous, willow angry, tilting the water into the city. now, in her utter agony, she is still beautiful – a beauty that makes people’s hearts flutter. The fine art of contrasting has been fully exploited by the poet in the lines of Kieu’s poetry. The author’s sincere feelings broke the cliché of classical writing and brought real emotions to the readers. We love Thuy Kieu and hate the rotten feudal society that broke her family and pushed her to bury a thorny, stormy stage.
IV. Some comments about the work
1. In the entire stanza, Nguyen Du contrasts the silence and suffering of Thuy Kieu with the active activities of human traffickers, contrasts between Thuy Kieu’s incomparably beautiful value and the purchase price. sold bitterly “It’s been a while since the price of gold is over four hundred”. The decisive and cold voice of the foul money closed the drama of solving the family disaster, to open another disaster for the girl surnamed Vuong.
(Dang Thanh Le, Lecturer on Tales of Kieu)
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