Sơ đồ tư duy Những câu hát châm biếm dễ nhớ, hay nhất

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In order to help students easily systematize the knowledge and content of works in the program of Literature 7, we compile the article Mind Map The best, easy-to-remember satirical songs with full content such as general understanding of the work, author, layout, analytical outline, analytical sample essay, …. Hope through Mind Map The satirical songs will help students understand the basic content of the song satirical verses.

Mục lục

A. Mind maps Satirical songs

B. Learn the song satirical verses

I. General study

1. Genre: folk songs, folk songs

– Poetry form: six bowls

2. Content value

“Satire verses” have shown quite concentratedly the characteristics of Vietnamese folk art of satire. These satirical verses have exposed conflicting facts, criticized the vices and vices of laughable people and things in society.

3. Artistic value

– Poetry of hexagons.

– Use comparative, metaphorical and symbolic images.

– The artistic method of speaking backwards and exaggerating.

II. Outline to analyze the work

1. Lesson No. 1

– “Introduction” portrait of the character “my uncle”:

+ Or wine or toothpick: addicted to alcohol.

+ Or solid tea: addicted to tea.

+ Or lie down to take a nap: lazy.

+ Daytime wishes for rainy days, night wishes for extra-empty nights: lazy to work, like to eat, to enjoy.

– Image opposite to “my uncle” image:

+ The stork wading around the pond: the hard work, the hardships, the flood of the grandson.

+ Peach bib: a beautiful, talented girl.

⇒ Using images of opposites and contrasts, the song mocks people who are addicted to alcohol, lazy, and enjoy socializing.

2. Lesson No. 2

– Words of fortune tellers – tell important things in a person’s life:

+ The words are specific, clear, and sure as nails nail the obvious things of nature.

+ Talk based, double talk.

– The way of sarcasm and criticism: using the fortuneteller’s own laziness to expose his deceitful, deceitful, and cunning face.

⇒ The song criticizes and satirizes superstitious practitioners who deceive others to make money, and also criticizes those who are ignorant, gullible, and believe in unscientific things.

3. Lesson number 3

– Symbolic meanings of the animals in the folk song:

+ Stork: farmer.

+ Ca cuong: powerful people, big ears and big faces.

+ Chimri, greeting crest: ruler, soldier.

+ Warblers: the men of the village.

⇒ Each animal represents a class of people in the ancient society, making the satirical and critical content profound and discreet.

– The scene of the funeral is like a procession, an opportunity for people to eat, gather, and share.

⇒ The scene has a denunciation value.

⇒ The song criticizes the cumbersome funeral procedure, which further afflicts farmers in the old society.

4. Lesson 4

– Image of “boy”:

+ Cone with chicken feathers: revealing power.

+ Ring finger: ostentatious personality, likes to show off.

+ His pathetic appearance when he had to borrow clothes.

⇒ His caricature portrait: ridiculous, grotesque, ostentatious, has no power but always tries to make a “pretend” to deceive people.

– Unique satirical art:

+ Calling “the ruler” for the purpose of satire, mocking the rulers who have no power.

+ Using the phrase “definition”, as well as some sarcastic sketches, he appeared as ridiculous, boastful, pathetic.

+ The art of exaggeration three: a year gets a wrong trip >< the borrowing of mediocrity such as short shirts, long pants.

IV. Analysis

Folk songs are a typical genre of Vietnamese folklore. The folk songs are when they are confessions of feelings, when they are expressions of confidence, deep secret feelings, when they are humorous laughter, and sometimes they are satirical, attacking habits. bad habits of people, of society. Borrowing laughter to reflect makes satirical folk songs not only valuable in philosophical content but also aesthetically and artistically unique.

The first post is an introduction and advertisement about my uncle’s character. The uncle’s portrait is a caricature drawn entirely with sarcasm and irony:

The one that swims by the pond,

Do you love to marry my uncle?

My uncle likes to drink alcohol or toothpicks,

Or strong tea, or nap.

Days wish for rainy days,

At night, I wish the extra nights were empty.

Reading the first poem, I thought it was the words of a good niece who was looking for a wife for her uncle. But if you read it carefully, you will realize how unusual it is to find a wife for you. In order to get the auntie to agree to be his wife, the uncle’s background is gradually revealed through the words of his nephew. He is lazy and has many bad habits, bad habits, he is addicted to alcohol (or wine, or toothpick), addicted to tea (or thick tea), often sleeps late, likes to lie down longing for many rainy days, wishes for a long night (excessive space). farming) so as not to go to the fields to plow the fields. The peach bib refers to a very beautiful, hardworking girl, the guy must also have an industrious, talented and diligent personality, not like my uncle, so is my uncle’s character worthy of that? The author of the song used the allegory or repeated it four times, twice a day, twice a day, twice a night, evoking the feeling of being prolonged, circling, very frustrated and uncomfortable. At the same time, the play on words, saying backwards (or wine, or toothpick, or thick tea, …) may seem to praise the talented uncle, but in fact, it is to mock and criticize. The words are gentle, humorous and humorous, but the critical meaning is quite deep.

In the second lesson, the author imitates the fortuneteller’s words, recording verbatim his words before a superstitious girl:

Those who are not rich are poor,

On the thirtieth day of Tet, meat hangs in the house.

The number of women who have a mother and father,

Her mother is a woman, her father is a man.

Number of married women,

Giving birth to the first child is not a girl or a boy.

He said all the important things that fortune-tellers (women) are very interested in: rich – poor, father – mother, husband – children. Every thing he said was eloquent and very specific. It’s just funny that he talks in a ambivalent way. He affirmed as firmly as a nail on the obvious things that every human being can see and know, without needing to be told by the gods through his smooth, flexible tongue. Folks believe that people have numbers. Each person has a different fate, there are rich people, poor people, rich people, cowards. The fortune teller said: Those who are not rich are poor, which means that no matter what, the teacher’s words are correct. Talking about three days of Tet, a proverb has a saying: Hungry all year round, full three days of Tet. Whether rich or poor, each family tries to take care of a piece of meat and a plate of sticky rice to offer to ancestors and grandparents, that is natural. Her house On the thirtieth day of the New Year, meat hangs in the house, that’s for sure, he’s not wrong. The ironic and ironic nature of the song is pushed to the climax in the teacher’s words about parents: Number of girls with mothers and fathers, Mothers of women, fathers of men and fate: Number of women with Married wife, Give birth to the first child, not a girl, then a boy. The message “Numbers” is placed at the beginning of each sentence and repeated many times, making the reader imagine the fortune-teller trying to pretend to be solemn and sacred, but in fact, it is a trick to extort money from unsuspecting people. , gullible. Laughter and criticism emerged from there. The ambiguity in the article has revealed the false nature of superstitious practitioners, taking advantage of the trust of others to make money. The song also criticizes the blind superstition of many people in contemporary society.

The third folk song depicts the tragic scene of a funeral in the old countryside through meaningful metaphors:

A dead stork on a tree,

The stork opens the calendar to see the day of the ghost.

Ca cuong drink la da wine,

The chirping bird crawled out to take the portion,

Hello, then beat the drums,

Warblers are naked, carrying their beaks to advertise.

The scene of an old custom funeral. Each animal represents a type of person, a class of people in society. The stork symbolizes the poor farmer. Ca Cuong symbolizes the people with the blood like the chief, the chief general and the translators in the village. The birds chirping, salute reminiscent of rulers, soldiers, and henchmen. Warblers are like a man who specializes in village work in ancient rowing legends. The ancients chose animals to play such roles for the purpose of borrowing the animal world to talk about human society (like a fable). Each animal with its own characteristics is a vivid image representing each type of person in the contemporary feudal society. Therefore, the satirical and critical content of the folk song becomes more discreet and deeper.

The scene depicted is in contrast to the usual scene at a funeral. The happy, messy drinking took place in an atmosphere of mourning. The stork can die of hunger and thirst, because of illness, but its tragic death is turned into a lucrative opportunity for the inhuman and unjust. The song satirizes the practice of vegetarianism in the old society. Remnants of that custom still exist, we need strong criticism to exclude it from civilized life.

The fourth folk song describes the portrait of the ruler – the head of the guards who guarded and served in the palace, the district in the past:

He hid his feathers in his hat,

The ring finger is called the cai.

Three years get a wrong trip,

Short shirt to borrow, long pants to rent.

In that ruling apparatus, the youngest was the tearful boy (the tearful soldier) and the other ruler, one step ahead of the tearful soldier. And so, in the end, it was nothing, but he was still free to face the people and bully the villagers. Because of that, people can see his face in person, by his feathered hat, his ring finger. They discovered the ridiculous truth that he tried to hide:

Three years get a wrong trip

Borrow a short shirt, rent a long one

How pathetic because all those flashy things belong to someone else, he has nothing, nothing, yet he shows off. The folk author has exposed his true self, exposed him to the public’s table, and called all eyes to him. But if you just undress the other guy’s character, there’s not much to say, nor is it the purpose of the ancients. Behind him is a whole bunch of scumbags like him. That is, all the henchmen of the ruling class, of the French rulers are one and the same as you. Flashy, ludicrous, but the nature is mediocre and the power is just a shell that they always live in an illusion. Using contrasts in images, the folk author’s intentions are profound. Just blowing them up into the cloud nine in the first two sentences drags them down to ironic reality. They just put on their hats, short shirts, and long pants while exposing them, exposing their true self in front of the people of the world. I gloat and laugh, but they will probably have purple hearts, purple liver when reading such profound folk songs.

Folk writers are really talented. Each song has a tone, with artistic methods, causing different laughs, but these satirical songs are all the same: harsh criticism of evil people, negative social phenomena. . It is a sharp spiritual weapon that our people have used to aspire to eliminate evil and evil, to build a society, with healthy and honest people. Although this is an old saying, talking about the old days, but reading, then understanding and pondering, we still absorb practical lessons for today.

III. Some comments about the work

Songs with similar content:


Life has a hand,

Who often sleeps during the day is still half a gang.


Eat full and then lie down again,

Listen to the drums to hold your belly and go see.


Where is the rich man who naps,

Where to go to those drunken day and night.


Horoscope see numbers for people,

Some teachers let it fly.


She has a black dog at home.

Strangers it bites, those who know it are happy.


Her husband fought against the Lo River,

My husband sat in the kitchen roasting corn on his pants.


The archer’s husband,

My husband is sitting in the kitchen holding a fly swatter.


Rumor has it that the general is famous,

Riding a horse alone is not holding anyone back.

The king praised him, saying, “The general is talented,

Grant the shirt with two coins.

If you fight the enemy, run first.

Go to battle to take off the enemy’s loincloth.

The enemy is afraid, the enemy runs home,

Go back and call your mother to slaughter chickens.


Younger son should do for good

Chopsticks for long eat clumsy baby rice.


The nostrils are eighteen piles of feathers,

Husband loves her husband and tells her to give her a rose.

When I lie down at night, I snore,

Husband loves his husband and says snoring is for fun at home.

When I go to the market, I often eat gifts.

Husband loves his husband and tells him to come home to help.

On top of the garbage and straw,

My husband said the first sprinkle scented flowers.

See more mind maps of good, detailed Grade 7 works and texts:

There are solutions for 7th grade exercises in new books:

Solve 7th grade exercises with new books of subjects

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