Sơ đồ tư duy Tựa Trích diễm thi tập dễ nhớ, hay nhất

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In order to help students easily systematize the knowledge and content of the works in the 10th Literature program, we compile the article Mind Map Title Excerpt from the best, easy-to-remember exercise with complete content such as general understanding of the work, author, layout, analytical outline, sample essay analysis, …. Hopefully, through the Mind Map Title Extracted Diem Thi, it will help students understand The basic content of the article Title Quotes Diem Thi.

Lecture: Title “Extracting Diem Thi” – Ms. Truong Khanh Linh (Trường THCS Đồng Phú Teacher)

Mục lục

A. Mind Map Title Quotes Diem Thi Tap

Mind Map Title Quotes Diem Exam

B. Learn the Mind Map lesson titled Quotes of Diem Thi


– Hoang Duc Luong (? – ?)

– Hometown: in Van Giang district (Hung Yen), residence in Gia Lam (Hanoi).

– Doctorate in 1478.

– Being a patriotic intellectual in the Le Dynasty, he considered the national culture as a constituent part of the sense of national independence.


1. Circumstances of collection

In 1497, the movement to revive the national culture after the victory against the Ming invaders in the 15th century.

2. Genre: Preface.

3. Layout: 2 sections.

– Part 1 (From the beginning to … torn and torn): The reasons why poetry and literature are not handed down in life.

– Part 2 (Remaining): Confidentiality and work of the author’s poetry collection.

4. Content Value

The preface shows pride, respect and sense of preserving the national cultural heritage.

5. Artistic value

– Art of reasoning:

+ Inductive method.

+ Use images.

+ Rhetorical question.

→ Tight nature, strong impact on the reader’s intellect and emotions.

– Kind words.


I. Introduction

– About the author Hoang Duc Luong (biography, talent, …).

– An overview of the article “Title “Extracting Diem Thi Tap” (composition context, value of content, art).

II. Body

1. Overview of “Title “Extract Diem Thi Tap””

– “Excerpt from the exam”:

+ Is a collection of beautiful poems (collected by Hoang Duc Luong).

+ Including works from the Tran dynasty to the early Le, the last part is a number of poems by Hoang Duc Luong.

– Title:

+ The article is usually placed at the beginning of the book.

+ Written by the author (others): introduce the book, the author’s confide, or the review of the book (written by others).

+ Write in argumentative, persuasive, expressive or mixed form.

+ This title is written in the style of an argumentative combination of expression, stating the author’s point of view and introducing the book to the reader.

2. The reasons why poetry and literature are not handed down all over the world.

* Subjective reasons

– Only poets and educated people can see the beauty and beauty of poetry.

+ Comparative images: Poetry- love cha → the attractive, the brocade → the beautiful.

– But the attractiveness and beauty of poetry and literature is still like “beauty beyond beauty, deliciousness beyond deliciousness, cannot be seen with the naked eye, can be tasted by the ordinary mouth” → beauty, beauty special attraction, abstraction, elusive.

→ It takes a qualified and educated person to grasp it, but there are not many people in our society” not everyone in the society loves and cares about collecting and preserving it.

– People who are educated, have knowledge (classes of Confucianism, mandarins, and scholars) either because they are busy with work or are not interested in collecting literature and poetry.

– People who love poetry are not qualified, capable and persistent.

– The state (court, king) does not encourage the printing (carving) of poetry and literature, but only printing Buddhist scriptures.

* Objective reasons

– The destructive power of time on books.

– War, fire.

→ The art of reasoning:

+ Inductive method.

+ Use pictures to compare (paragraphs 1, 5).

– Rhetorical question: “What’s more… broken?”

* The author mentioned the reasons why poetry was lost first in order to:

– Emphasis on the purpose of collecting and compiling my book comes from the urgent requirement of reality, not just from personal preference.

– It is a difficult but valuable and necessary work, in the general trend of the national revival era of the 15th century.

3. Confidentiality and work of the author’s poetry collection

– Confessions of the author about the reality of his father’s poetry being lost and destroyed:

+ To grieve and mourn for the precious heritage that has been scattered, destroyed, immersed in oblivion when comparing their national culture to that of China.

+ Difficulties in studying Ly – Tran literary poetry as an author often lament, intending to blame contemporary intellectuals.

– Author’s collection and compilation:

+ Collecting: Elaborately researching and collecting: “search around and ask around”; collect more poems from those who are currently serving as mandarins in the court, choose good ones.

+ Compilation: Sorting by category, naming the book, and adding poetry at the end of the book.

→ How to introduce the author’s work of collecting, dividing the layout, and the content of the book in a concise and meaningful way, with a simple and humble narration.

III. End

– Summarize the value of content and art.

+ Content: The preface shows pride, respect and sense of preserving the national cultural heritage.

+ Art: Art of reasoning, earnest words.

– Relating to the responsibility of today’s young generation with the preservation of literary values.


Question: Read the following text and answer questions 1 to 4:

“For poetry and literature, the ancients likened it to a fancy cha, like a brocade; Cha is a very delicious taste in the world, brocade is a very beautiful color in the world, every human being has a mouth and eyes, everyone appreciates it but does not give it up. When it comes to poetry and literature, it is beauty beyond beauty, deliciousness beyond deliciousness, cannot be seen with the naked eye, but tasted by the ordinary mouth. Only poets can see and know the beauty, eat and know the deliciousness. That is the first reason why poetry and literature are not circulated all over the world.”

(Hoang Duc Luong – Title “Excerpt from Thiem Thi”)

1/ What is the main content of the text?

2/ Identify the rhetorical measure (about words) in the text? State the artistic effect of that rhetoric.

3/ Identify the main argument operation of the text?

4/ Write a short paragraph (5 to 7 lines) expressing your thoughts on the responsibility of youth in preserving the national cultural heritage.


1/ The main content of the text: The author presents the reason why poetry and literature have not been handed down in life

It is because poetry has its own beauty that only poets can fully feel.

2/ Rhetorical measure (about words) in the text: comparison: For poetry and literature, the ancients compared it with the taste of the cha, like the brocade.

Artistic effect: Make the sentences evoke images, evoke emotions and clear attitudes of the author when he borrows words from the ancients to discuss poetry.

3/ Manipulate the main argument of the text: Compare

4/ Hint:

+ Vietnam’s cultural heritage is a valuable asset of the Vietnamese ethnic community, is a part of the human cultural heritage, plays a great role in the cause of nation building and defense of our people. . These are material and spiritual products of historical, cultural and scientific value that are handed down from generation to generation with the pride of the nation.

+ The young generation needs to actively seek and learn about the nation’s long-standing artistic values.

+ It is necessary to propagate to the people an understanding of each value of cultural heritages, helping them to understand the deep historical and national significance of each heritage. Thereby, they are aware of the responsibilities and rights of making material and spiritual contributions in the cause of preserving the cultural values ​​of the nation. Especially for the younger generation, right from the time they sit in school, these historical values ​​also need to be supplemented in the lessons about our nation’s culture.


Topic: Analysis of the article “Title “Extracting Diem Thi Tap” by Hoang Duc Luong.

After a great victory over the Ming invaders, the people of Dai Viet entered a period of peace and national construction. Poetic works from previous centuries have been collected and printed into books by some people. Scholar Hoang Duc Luong has selected good poems from the Tran to the Le dynasties, named it “Tem Diem thi thuep”, he directly wrote the foreword for this book to introduce to readers.

Title is an article placed at the beginning of a book, written by the author himself or another person (usually someone knowledgeable about the book’s content) invited by the author to write. The Preface usually states the writer’s point of view on issues related to the book. For example, the reason and method of making a book, the characteristics of the book, etc. In the past, when literary criticism was not yet developed, the Titles often performed this function. About the short length, there are articles a few pages long, if introduced meticulously; There are articles with only a few dozen lines, if briefly introduced.

Let’s try to analyze the “Title” of Hoang Duc Luong’s “Titre Diem Thiet” to better understand what a Title is?

At the beginning of the title, the author points out the reasons why poetry is not widely circulated.

The first reason is due to the characteristic of poetry that is picky about readers. A delicious dish, a beautiful piece of brocade, ordinary people can feel and enjoy. When it comes to literature and poetry, it is beauty beyond beauty, deliciousness beyond deliciousness, cannot be seen by ordinary eyes, and tasted by ordinary mouth. Only poets can see and know the beauty of eating and know the delicious taste. It means that poetry is only reserved for the intelligentsia who make up the minority in society.

The second reason is that the collection and dissemination of poetry is hardly considered necessary by many. The famous people who work as big officials in the bureaucracy, or because they are busy with work and do not have time to edit, and the low-ranking officials and those who have trouble returning to the faculty, do not pay attention.

The third reason is that sometimes, there are people who like poetry and literature, but are afraid because of their heavy work and poor talent, so they can only do it halfway and then quit.

The fourth reason is the strict management of the imperial court. Poetry and literature, if not ordered by the king, do not dare to engrave boards to circulate.

Therefore, the author finds it necessary to collect, compile and introduce valuable poems to widely circulate, in order to preserve the cultural quintessence of the nation. It is a legitimate job, stemming from the author’s enthusiasm and enthusiasm for the country. There is a close logical relationship between Hoang Duc Luong’s thoughts and actions. Because of the four reasons mentioned above, after several long dynasties, even strong objects such as stone and gold, but were protected by ghosts and gods, were still broken and sunk. What’s more, the manuscript left behind, the fragile piece of paper in the box, and how many times can it be kept without being torn to pieces?

The author also expressed his frustration. This Duc Luong learned to write poetry, relying only on the poetry of the emperors of the Tang dynasty, but like the poetry of the Ly – Tran dynasties, it could not be studied anywhere. Every time I picked up a piece of paper, the wall broke a few sentences, often holding a book to lament, intending to blame the sage and gentleman at that time. Alas! A civilized country, built for hundreds of years. Is it possible that there is no book that can be used as a basis, but we have to look far away to study poetry and literature of the Tang Dynasty. Isn’t that so pitiful! In that confession, there is both national pride and sadness about the things that have not been done to honor the nation’s long-standing culture.

All these factors urge the author to boldly do it, even though he knows his abilities are limited: I don’t measure myself, want to correct old mistakes, forget that old books are no longer available, responsibility heavy but meager talent, searched around and asked around, but the number of poems collected was only one or two out of thousands of poems.

Then he gave a brief introduction to the structure of the book. I also collected more poems of the people who are currently serving as mandarins in the court, selected good ones, divided them into categories, got 6 books, named the book “Tem diem thiet”. At the end of these books, I take the liberty of adding clumsy articles written by me, in order to serve as a family book.

At the end of the title song, Hoang Duc Luong expressed his sincere wish: Then those who like to comment on poetry will spread it widely, perhaps avoiding the criticism of later people, just like now we criticize the ancients. .

Thus, the title of the book “Extracting Diem Thi Tap” has met the requirements for the form and content of a general title mentioned at the beginning of this article.

See more mind maps of good, detailed 10th grade works and texts:

There are solutions for class 10 exercises in new books:

Solving class 10 exercises with new books of subjects

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